Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns digunakan untuk menunjukkan kepunyaan.

Penggunaan possessive pronouns tergantung dari beberapa hal, diantaranya yaitu:

  • Possessive pronouns sebagai singular atau plural
  • Possessive pronouns sebagai pengganti orang laki-laki atau perempuan
  • Possessive pronouns sebagai pengganti orang pertama, kedua atau ketiga

Berikut ini adalah daftar kata personal pronouns:

Orang Jumlah Kelamin Personal Pronouns
Orang Pertama Singular Laki-laki/Perempuan mine
Orang kedua Singular Laki-laki/Perempuan yours
Orang ketiga Singular Laki-laki his
Orang ketiga Singular Perempuan hers
Orang pertama Plural Laki-laki/Perempuan ours
Orang kedua Plural Laki-laki/Perempuan yours
Orang ketiga Plural Laki-laki/Perempuan theirs

Berikut ini adalah beberapa contoh penggunaan possessive pronouns:

  1. The cat is mine.
  2. His car is faster than mine.
  3. This is my laptop. It’s mine.
  4. Priska’s car is red. Mine is green.
  5. This sandwich is mine but you can have it.
  6. Look at these pictures. Mine is the small one.
  7. I like your flowers. Do you like mine?
  8. If the books belong to me, they are my books. They are mine.
  9. The cat is yours.
  10. Their father gets along well with yours.
  11. I know this drink is yours but I need to drink something.
  12. I don’t like this family’s garage but I like yours.
  13. I looked everywhere for your passport. I found Zulfikar’s passport but I couldn’t find yours.
  14. If the house belongs to you, it is your house. It is yours.
  15. Each couple’s books are colour-coded. Yours are green.
  16. My flowers are dying. Yours are lovely.
  17. This book is mine, not yours.
  18. What’s mine is yours, my friend.
  19. The kids are yours and mine.
  20. All the essays were good but his was the best.
  21. This is my sister’s car. It’s his.
  22. The book next to the window is his.
  23. The car over there is his, but this one right here is [mine.
  24. If the watch belongs to him, it is his watch. It is [his.
  25. That laptop is hers.
  26. The pencil is hers.
  27. They say female canaries can’t sing. Well, hers can.
  28. Retno found his ticket but Dita couldn’t find hers.
  29. I think the cheese cookies at the party were hers.
  30. Asri finished [her homework early, but Putu did not do hers until later.
  31. The table belongs to my mother. It is hers.
  32. If the flowers belong to her, they are her flowers. They are hers.
  33. Dian likes to wear her hair short, while Dini prefers to wear hers long.
  34. I didn’t have my umbrella so Rina lent me hers.
  35. This is our car. It’s ours.
  36. The car on the corner is ours.
  37. Your photos are good. Ours are terrible.
  38. We shall finally have what is rightfully ours.
  39. If the car belongs to us, it is [our car. It is ours.
  40. Here is your bike. Ours is over there, where we left it.
  41. We cherish our friends not for their ability to amuse us, but for ours to amuse them. (Evelyn Waugh, 1903-1966)
  42. The laptop is theirs.
  43. Theirs are in the garden.
  44. That food is ours and not theirs.
  45. The money was really theirs for the taking.
  46. The house is theirs and its paint is flaking.
  47. These aren’t Arief and Bening’s children. Theirs have black hair.
  48. Danang and Winda don’t like your car. Do you like theirs?
  49. If the car belongs to them, it is their car. It is theirs.
  50. Humans are the only animals that have children on purpose with the exception of guppies, who like to eat theirs. (P J O’Rourke)

Possessive adjectives disebut juga sebagai possessive pronouns

Posessive adjectives adalah adjectives yang berguna untuk menunjukkan kepunyaan. Di dalam kalimat, posessive adjective diletakkan sebelum noun untuk menunjukkan kepunyaan siapa noun tersebut.

Kata yang termasuk possessive adjectives yaitu: my, your, his, her, its, our, their, whose.

Pronouns adalah kata yang mengganti noun. Karena possessive adjectives juga mengganti nouns maka possessive adjectives juga bisa digolongkan sebagai pronouns dan bisa juga disebut sebagai possessive pronouns.

Contoh 1:

This is Oktasari’s hat.

This is her hat. (Pada contoh terlihat possessive adjective her mengganti kata Oktasari yang merupakan sebuah noun. Oleh karena itu possessive adjectives disebut juga sebagai possessive pronouns).

This hat is hers. (Pada contoh terlihat possessive pronoun hers mengganti kata Oktasari’s hat).

Contoh 2:

Take Maya’s car to the concert.

Take her car to the concert. (Pada contoh terlihat possessive adjective her mengganti kata Maya yang merupakan sebuah noun. Oleh karena itu possessive adjectives disebut juga sebagai possessive pronouns).

Take hers to the concert. (Pada contoh terlihat possessive pronoun hers mengganti kata Maya’s car)

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