Indefinite Pronouns

Penjelasan Indefinite Pronouns

Bila kita menggunakan demonstrative pronouns untuk menunjukkan sesuatu secara jelas maka indefinite pronouns adalah kebalikannya.

Indefinite pronouns digunakan untuk menunjukkan sesuatu secara tidak jelas. Secara tidak jelas maksudnya adalah benda yang ditunjuk tidak diketahui namanya, cirinya atau jumlahnya. Lihat contoh di bawah ini.

Somebody must have seen the driver leave.
(Indefinite pronouns = somebody. Somebody menunjuk kepada seseorang yang kita tidak tahu siapa dia)

Everyone looked at me.
(Indefinite pronouns = everyone. Everyone menunjuk kepada semua orang yang kita tidak tahu siapa dia)

Kata yang termasuk indefinite pronouns yaitu: all, another, any, anyone/anybody, anything, both, each, either, enough, everything, everyone/everybody, few, fewer, less, little, many, much, more, most, neither, nobody, none, no one, nothing, one, other, others, several, some, someone/somebody, something, such.

Singular atau Plural

Indefinite pronouns bisa berbentuk singular atau plural tergantung dari benda yang ditunjuk dan verb yang digunakan.

Singular: Another, Anybody, Anyone, Anything, Each, Either, Enough, Everybody, Everyone, Everything, Less, Little, Much, Neither, Nobody, No-one, Nothing, One, Other, Somebody, Someone, Something

Plural: Both, Few, Fewer, Many, Others, Several

Bisa keduanya (Singular dan Plural): All, Any, More, Most, None, Some, Such

Contoh Indefinite Pronouns

Di bawah adalah beberapa contoh indefinite pronouns dalam kalimat.

  1. All are welcome to attend the concert.
  2. All are welcome to come to the birthday party tonight.
  3. All are welcome to our house for Thanksgiving.
  4. All in the lobby must remain seated.
  5. All of the newspaper was soaked.
  6. All of the people clapped their hands.
  7. All have arrived.
  8. All is forgiven.
  9. You can fool all the people some of the time; you can fool some of the people all the time; but you can’t fool all the people all the time. (Abraham Lincoln, speech at the Republican state convention in Bloomington, Indiana, on May 29, 1856)
  10. He has one job in the day and another at night.
  11. Indrawan passed his card to another.
  12. That ice-cream was good. Can I have another?
  13. Windy gave the book to another.
  14. Are any coming?
  15. I don’t have any, but Betanti has some.
  16. I don’t have any.
  17. Is any left?
  18. Joko doesn’t have any.
  19. Anybody who came along would know something awful has happened here.
  20. Does anybody have a clue where the dog went?
  21. Does anybody have a clue?
  22. Does anybody have the time?
  23. Does anybody know a good place where I can go to get my nails done?
  24. I knocked on the door, but there was not anybody there.
  25. Is this anybody’s coat?
  26. Although it could have happened to anyone, it happened to me.
  27. Anyone can plainly see that she was asking for trouble.
  28. Anyone can play that game.
  29. Anyone can play the game as long as they follow the rules.
  30. Anyone can see what’s going on here.
  31. Anyone in their right mind would know better than to do that.
  32. Anyone that has ever lived in the city will never take for granted the peace of the country.
  33. Anyone would have agreed the woman in the black dress was gorgeous.
  34. Can anyone tell me why it is raining again?
  35. Can anyone answer this question?
  36. During my trip to the mall, I did not see anyone I knew.
  37. Have you told anyone about the treasure map?
  38. I needed to see if anyone was interested in dating my cousin.
  39. I will not dance on anyone’s grave. (Bart Simpson, The Simpsons)
  40. If anyone cared about her, they certainly had an odd way of showing it.
  41. Is anyone available to babysit for me on Wednesday?
  42. Sometimes I wonder why anyone shops at this store.
  43. Anything is possible as long as you put your mind to it.
  44. Anything is possible if you believe.
  45. I don’t know anything about music. In my line, you don’t have to. (Elvis Presley, 1935-1977)
  46. My parents always told me that anything is possible.
  47. Sherly couldn’t hear anything at the concert.
  48. So that’s eggs, peas and chips. Do you want anything else?
  49. The doctor needs to know if you have eaten anything in the last two hours.
  50. When I looked around the house, I did not see anything out of the ordinary.
  51. Both are acceptable to me.
  52. Both of them are coming home tonight.
  53. Both of us match the donation.
  54. Yoga likes coffee but not tea. I think both are good.
  55. At the Thanksgiving dinner, each brought a plated dish to make the meal complete.
  56. Each brought a dessert to share.
  57. Each brought a dish to pass.
  58. Each of the members has one vote.
  59. Each of the players has a doctor.
  60. Each has his own thoughts.
  61. A little government and a little luck are necessary in life, but only a fool trusts either of them. (P. J. O’Rourke, Parliament of Whores. Grove Press, 1991)
  62. Do you want tea or coffee? / I don’t mind. Either is good for me.
  63. Either of the choices has its disadvantages.
  64. You may have either.
  65. Enough is enough.
  66. Everybody enjoyed the concert. They stood up and clapped.
  67. Everybody is busy finishing the quiz.
  68. Everybody left town for the weekend.
  69. Everybody likes a kidder, but nobody lends him money. (Arthur Miller, 1915-2005)
  70. Everybody loves Prismita.
  71. Everybody loves to eat chocolate.
  72. We can start the meeting because everybody has arrived.
  73. After the festivities, everyone was invited back to the house for the after-party.
  74. Everyone at the wedding could see how happy he made her.
  75. Everyone brought canned goods to the charity drive.
  76. Everyone clapped when the movie ended.
  77. Everyone did as he pleased.
  78. Everyone enjoyed the food and the company.
  79. Everyone enjoyed the movie.
  80. Everyone had a great time at the Christmas party.
  81. Everyone wandered aimlessly down the street wondering what would become of the space ships that occupied the otherwise clear blue sky.
  82. I really just needed some time away from everyone.
  83. Is everyone happy with his gift?
  84. Is everyone happy with his or her gift?
  85. Normally during the holidays, everyone leaves campus.
  86. Everything is fine between Caroline and Mariana.
  87. Everything is funny as long as it is happening to somebody else. (Will Rogers, 1879-1935)
  88. Everything is going as planned
  89. Everything is taken care of.
  90. Everything was ready for the party.
  91. I was told not to worry and that everything would be taken care of.
  92. It was a very clear day. We could see everything.
  93. They have no house or possessions. They lost everything in the earthquake.
  94. A few of the justices were voicing their opposition.
  95. Few came to the wedding after the bride had a melt down and lashed out at her family and friends.
  96. Few of the projects were good enough to go to the science fair.
  97. Few visited that park.
  98. Few have ever disobeyed him and lived.
  99. Of those who say nothing, few are silent. (Thomas Neill)
  100. Very few came to visit the crabby old woman on the corner, leaving many to wonder if anyone cared about her at all.
  101. Fewer are smoking these days.
  102. Less is more (Mies van der Rohe)
  103. Little is known about his early life.
  104. After the story of the plane crash hit the news, many called for information on loved ones aboard the flight.
  105. For many are called, but few are chosen. (Bible, Matthew 22.14)
  106. Many are planning to attend the party.
  107. Many are wishing they did.
  108. Many called for information.
  109. Many have expressed their views.
  110. Many missed the bus.
  111. Many have come already.
  112. More are coming.
  113. There is more over there.
  114. Most of the books are out of date.
  115. Most of the work is finished.
  116. Most have refused.
  117. Most is lost.
  118. Much has happened since we met.
  119. I keep telling Sofie and Anggia but neither believes me.
  120. Adhit told nobody the secrets that went on at her house.
  121. Asriningtias told nobody her secret.
  122. I phoned many times but nobody answered.
  123. Nobody came.
  124. I invited five friends but none have come.
  125. None are mine.
  126. None came forward to claim the prize.
  127. None is mine.
  128. They fixed the water so why is none coming out of the tap?
  129. All the family came, but no one else.
  130. I opened the door but there was no one at home.
  131. No one admitted to knocking over the base.
  132. No one came forward to admit the crime, so the whole class was punished.
  133. No one likes to eat vegetables.
  134. No one wants to hear about my sciatica. (Bart Simpson, The Simpsons)
  135. No one was home at the neighbor’s.
  136. We knew that no one had eaten the salami.
  137. I have nothing to declare except my genius. (Oscar Wilde)
  138. If you don’t know the answer it’s best to say nothing.
  139. Nothing happened.
  140. Can one smoke here?
  141. All the students arrived but now one is missing.
  142. I met two girls. One has given me her phone number.
  143. One could see the mountains from miles away.
  144. One could see the tornado forming from miles away.
  145. One of the girls gave up her seat.
  146. One of the great things about that cabin is that everything is included.
  147. One was tall and the other was short.
  148. I’m sure that others have tried before us.
  149. Several of the documents were filled with errors.
  150. Several performances are scheduled for next week.
  151. Several signed the card.
  152. Several turned out for the concert.
  153. They all complained and several left the meeting.
  154. After I painted my walls a deep shade of purple and installed jet black carpet, my room may be considered too gloomy for some.
  155. Elizabeth wanted some, but I do not have any.
  156. Here is some.
  157. Please take some to Ms. Dita.
  158. Some have the power to coax others to do what they want while others lack the power to do anything but follow.
  159. Some just do not know when to quit while they are ahead.
  160. Some will do anything to gain the attention of others.
  161. Some have arrived.
  162. The room is too gloomy for some.
  163. We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars. (Oscar Wilde)
  164. Would you like to try some of these cookies?
  165. Clearly somebody murdered him. It was not suicide.
  166. I will tell somebody that dinner is ready. They have been waiting a long time.
  167. If Sarah can’t come we’ll ask somebody else.
  168. Somebody ate my sandwich!
  169. Somebody called the store.
  170. Somebody has forgotten her purse.
  171. Somebody rang the doorbell.
  172. They were staying in somebody’s house.
  173. Desiana walked in and handed the piece of paper to someone.
  174. Everyone knows it is impolite to point at someone.
  175. Maryam gave her ticket to someone.
  176. Nela gave that book to someone and never got it back.
  177. Saniya gave the form to someone.
  178. Someone called to tell me the horrible news.
  179. Someone drank all the soda.
  180. Someone has taken my new chemistry book.
  181. Someone really needs to come and mow my lawn.
  182. Someone should sue the pants off of that guy!
  183. Someone walked past the window and shouted.
  184. Someone whispered in my ear, but when I turned around there was not anybody there.
  185. Someone will clean up the kitchen.
  186. Someone yelled my name.
  187. A classic is something that everybody wants to have read and nobody wants to read. (Mark Twain, 1835-1910)
  188. Listen! I just heard something! What could it be?
  189. He was a foreigner and he felt that he was treated as such.

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