Demonstrative pronouns

Melanjutkan pembahasan pronouns.

Penjelasan demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns digunakan untuk menunjukkan sesuatu secara jelas. Secara jelas maksudnya adalah benda yang ditunjuk jelas adanya, bentuk dan ciri-cirinya diketahui. Selain itu, demonstrative pronouns juga menjelaskan bahwa benda yang ditunjuk adalah singular atau plural.

Yang termasuk demonstrative pronouns yaitu this, that, these dan those.

Perhatikan bagaimana demonstrative pronouns mengganti nouns di bawah ini.

  • The pretzel-like yoga move we’re doing really hurts. >>> This really hurts.
  • The dinner you are cooking smells delicious. >>> That smells delicious.
  • The food you’re cooking smells heavenly. >>> That smells heavenly.
  • What is the strange, polka-dotted, Sasquatch-like creature coming toward us? >>> What is that?
  • The delicious, pink petit fours on my plate are my favorites. >>> These are my favorites.
  • The cockroaches currently giving birth under our kitchen sink are totally gross. >>> Those are totally gross.

This dan That sebagai pengganti singular nouns

This menunjukkan bahwa benda yang ditunjuk hanya satu dan letaknya dekat.

  • This is ridiculous.
  • This is your shirt.
  • This is my car.
  • This is very smelly.
  • This is the one I left in the car.
  • This smells heavenly.
  • This tastes good.
  • This tastes delicious.
  • This tastes scrumptious.
  • I don’t like this.
  • I really like this.
  • Is this yours?
  • Have you seen this?
  • Chefin, would you mail this?
  • Does the wallpaper the decorator selected go with this?

That menunjukkan bahwa benda yang ditunjuk hanya satu dan letaknya jauh.

  • That is ridiculous.
  • That is beautiful.
  • That is a good idea.
  • That is incorrect.
  • That is my house on the corner.
  • That is one way to do it.
  • That is our house.
  • This is Yogi speaking.
  • That costs way too much money.
  • That sounds like Adhiet.
  • That will run for an hour.
  • That should take some time to complete.
  • You can smell [that] from here.
  • Look at that!
  • Bring me that!
  • I heard that.
  • Dita wrote that.
  • Jessica selected that.
  • The boxes were stacked against that.
  • Is that right?
  • Is that Jim?
  • Did you see that?
  • Did you do that?
  • This is heavier than that.
  • This is Faiz speaking. Is that Caroline?

These dan Those sebagai pengganti plural nouns

These menunjukkan bahwa benda yang ditunjuk banyak dan letaknya dekat.

  • These are hilarious cartoons.
  • These are bad times.
  • These are ridiculous.
  • These are our children.
  • These are the perfect earrings.
  • These look good.
  • These look perfect.
  • These smell rotten.
  • I’ll buy these.
  • I’ll take these.
  • Do you like these?
  • Can Bridget locate these by the deadline?
  • Please read over these, and get back to me.

Those menunjukkan bahwa benda yang ditunjuk banyak dan letaknya jauh.

  • Those are ridiculous.
  • Those were the days!
  • Those are my shoes.
  • Those belong over there.
  • Those belong to Mutia.
  • Those considering a career in architecture must study engineering.
  • Mouldie brought those.
  • Do not paint those!
  • I own those.
  • Arie purchased those for the kids.
  • Marcella can play with those.
  • Can you see those?
  • Shall I take those?
  • Which of those would you like?
  • These are nicer than those.
  • These are bigger than those.

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