Possessive Nouns (Kata Benda Kepunyaan)

Melanjutkan pembahasan singular dan plural nouns.

Penjelasan Possessive Nouns

Possessive Nouns artinya adalah kata benda kepunyaan.

Beberapa contoh possessive nouns:

  • a cat’s tuna (tuna punyanya si kucing)
  • a man’s jacket (jaket punyanya orang)
  • a fish’s eggs (telur punyanya si ikan)

Fungsi Possessive Nouns

Pada umumnya possessive nouns menunjukkan kepunyaan. Tetapi sebenarnya possessive nouns tidak selalu memiliki arti kepunyaan, bisa juga memiliki arti lainnya.

1. Possessive nouns menunjukkan kepunyaan.

  • It is Andika’s car.
  • They are Australia’s gold reserves.

2. Possessive nouns bisa berarti tempat seseorang bekerja, belajar, atau menghabiskan waktu.

  • This is Andika’s school.
  • This is Andika’s room.

3. Possessive nouns bisa menunjukkan hubungan persaudaraan antara individu.

  • Andika’s mother is running late.
  • Mrs Prabaharyaka’s colleague will not be coming to the meeting.
  • Michele Obama is the President’s wife.

4. Possessive nouns juga bisa menunjukkan hal yang tidak berwujud.

  • Andika’s patience is running out.
  • The politician’s hypocrisy was deeply shocking.

5. Possessive nouns bisa merujuk kepada churches, colleges, restaurants, shops, dan stores.

  • Is Saint Mary’s an all-girls school?
  • Is St. John’s a Catholic church?
  • Harvard’s attendance was down last year.
  • Let’s go to Solaria’s for lunch.
  • Shall we go to Luigi’s for lunch?
  • I’ve got an appointment at the dentist’s at eleven o’clock.

6. Possessive nouns bisa berfungsi sebagai time expressions (ekspresi waktu).

  • a day’s work
  • a day’s salary
  • today’s newspaper
  • two days’ salary
  • a month’s pay
  • in a year’s time
  • three years’ insurance
  • three years’ insurance

Cara membuat Possessive Nouns

Ada beberapa aturan yang harus kamu ikuti dalam membuat possessive nouns.

1. Untuk membuat singular nouns yang tidak berakhiran [s] menjadi possessive nouns, kamu perlu menambahkan [‘s].

  • Maryam’s new handbag matches her shoes perfectly.
  • Melissa’s imagination ran wild as she pictured the accident.
  • It is Ranggi’s kitten.
  • This is Ratri’s car.
  • The elephant’s cage needed cleaning.
  • The cat’s bowl is filled with cheeseburgers.
  • The kitten’s toy is a stuffed catnip mouse.
  • They are Berau’s coalmines.
  • I had to remove Ahmad’s label and replace it.
  • Where is Luthfi’s telephone?
  • Who took Haryo’s pen?
  • Wagner’s music is better than it sounds. (Mark Twain)
  • A foolish woman knows a foolish man’s faults.
  • A friend’s eye is a good mirror.
  • A guest should be blind in another man’s house.

2. Untuk membuat singular nouns yang berakhiran [s] menjadi possessive nouns, kamu bisa menambahkan [‘s] atau hanya [].

It is Charles’ birthday.
It is Charles’s birthday.
(Keduanya bisa digunakan)

The Smiths’s house.
The Smiths’ house.
(Keduanya bisa digunakan)

This is Thomas’s coat.
This is Thomas’ coat.
(Keduanya bisa digunakan)

I have not seen Wales’ new stadium.
I have not seen Wales’s new stadium.
(Keduanya bisa digunakan)

Dr Evans’ report.
Dr Evans’s report.
(Keduanya bisa digunakan)

Miss Williams’ victory.
Miss Williams’s victory.
(Keduanya bisa digunakan)

IT Solutions’ conference.
IT Solutions’s conference.
(Keduanya bisa digunakan)

4. Untuk membuat plural nouns yang berakhiran [s] menjadi possessive nouns, kamu hanya perlu menambahkan apostrophe [] pada akhir kata plural nouns.

Contoh kalimat:

  • The cars’ bumpers were locked in the traffic jam.
  • The girls’ toys were lined up neatly on the shelf.
  • The Imams’ house is the big blue one on the corner.
  • The lions’ usual source of water has dried up.
  • The gases’ odors mixed and became nauseating.
  • The witches’ brooms were hidden in the corner.
  • The babies’ beds were all in a row.
  • The horses’ hay is damp.
  • The ladies’ toilets are out of bounds.
  • The fairies’ wings glistened in the moonlight.
  • All of the Joneses’ tickets will be held for pickup during the family reunion.
  • Be careful when you take the bees’ honey from the hives.

5. Untuk membuat plural nouns yang tidak berakhiran [s] menjadi possessive nouns, kamu bisa menambahkan [‘s].

Contoh kalimat:

  • She plans on opening a women’s clothing boutique.
  • He is the people’s poet.
  • Children’s programming is not a high priority.
  • The geese’s food supply was endangered.
  • My watch was stolen from the men’s changing room.
  • All television is children’s television. (Richard P. Adler)
  • Zeus does not bring all men’s plans to fulfilment. (Homer, 800-700 BC)

6. Untuk membuat compound nouns menjadi posssive nouns maka kamu perlu menambahkan [‘s] atau [] tergantung huruf terakhirnya pada bagian akhir compound nouns.

Singular compound nouns

  • Attorney General’s job
  • Colonel-in-chief’s arrival
  • Front-runner’s confidence
  • Full moon’s brightness
  • Maid of honour’s bouquet
  • Middle class’s income
  • Mid-June’s heat
  • My sister-in-law’s advice
  • Notre Dame’s tower
  • Real estate’s decline
  • T-shirt’s logo
  • Komodo National Park’s hours
  • My mother-in-law’s recipe for meatloaf is my husband’s favorite.

Plural compound nouns

  • Bus stops’ repair
  • Changing-rooms’ door
  • Colonels-in-chief’s meeting
  • Ex-wives’ alimony
  • Six-year-olds’ excitement
  • Half sisters’ bedrooms
  • Maids of honour’s dresses
  • Oil spills’ costs
  • Post Offices’ hours
  • Sisters-in-law’s husbands
  • Six packs’ appeal
  • U-boats’ stealth
  • Water-bottles’ shape

7. Saat dua nouns digabungkan, tetapi masing-masing memiliki sesuatu yang berbeda, kamu bisa membuatnya menjadi posssessive nouns dengan menambahkan akhiran [‘s] pada masing-masing nouns.

Ninda’s and Orig’s coats are red and black.
(Masing-masing memiliki coat yang berbeda)

Bluher’s and Donal’s factories.
(Masing-masing memiliki factory yang berbeda)

Indonesia’s and Malaysia’s problems
(masing-masing memiliki problem yang berbeda)

Indah’s and Raymond’s dressing rooms were painted pink and blue.
(Masin-masing memiliki room yang berbeda).

Senator Obama’s and Senator Clinton’s educations are outstanding.
(Masing-masing memiliki education yang berbeda).

8. Saat dua nouns digabungkan dan keduanya memiliki sesuatu yang sama, kamu bisa membuatnya menjadi possessive nouns dengan menambahkan akhiran [‘s] pada nouns yang terakhir.

Niken and Taufik’s new car is the latest model.
(Sama-sama memiliki latest model car)

Bluher and Donal’s factory.
(Sama-sama memiliki factory yang sama).

Indonesia and Malaysia’s problems
(Sama-sama memiliki problem yang sama)

Jack and Jill’s pail of water features prominently in the nursery rhyme.
(Sama-sama nursery rhyme).

Abbot and Costello’s comedy skit “Who’s On First” is a classic act.
(Sama-sama classic act)

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