Collective Nouns (Kata Benda Kolektif)

Melanjutkan pembahasan Compound Nouns.

Collective Nouns adalah kata benda yang digunakan untuk menamakan sekelompok orang, binatang, atau benda.

Contoh Collective Nouns

Beberapa contoh collective nouns:

Flock, Crowd, Committee, Choir, Group, Team

Singular dan Plural sebagai Collective Nouns

Collective nouns bisa berbentuk singular atau plural tergantung dari makna kalimat yang digunakan.

1. Singular (Tunggal)

Collective nouns akan berbentuk singular bila setiap anggota dalam sebuah collective nouns diperlakukan sebagai sebuah kesatuan.

The team is winning! (team diperlakukan sebagai satu kesatuan, karena semua individu dalam team mendapatkan hal yang sama).

The herd is following the shepherd. (herd diperlakukan sebagai satu kesatuan).

The shoal was moving north. (Semua shoal bergerak dalam satu kelompok) .

The class listens carefully to its teacher’s instructions. (semua individu dalam class melakukan sebuah kegiatan yang sama).

Today, Dr. Monica’s class takes its first exam. (semua individu dalam [class] melakukan kegiatan yang sama dan dalam waktu bersamaan).

2. Plural (Jamak)

Collective nouns akan berbentuk plural bila setiap anggota dalam sebuah collective nouns beraksi sendiri-sendiri.

The team are cooperating well tonight. (prestasi sebuah team dilihat sebagai kumpulan dari prestasi masing-masing individu)

The herd are running in all different directions! (setiap individu dalam herd beraksi sendiri-sendiri)

The shoal were darting in all directions. (Setiap shoal bergerak sendiri-sendiri)

The class start their projects while the teacher grades their papers. (Setiap individu dalam class melakukan project masing-masing)

After the long exam, the class start their research papers on famous mathematicians. (Setiap individu dalam class melakukan kegiatan research masing-masing dan dalam waktu yang berbeda-beda).

Tambahkan sebuah kata keterangan untuk membedakan singular dan plural

Supaya memudahkan membedakan antara singular atau plural maka kamu bisa menambahkan sebuah kata keterangan pada sebuah kalimat dengan collective nouns.

Contoh, supaya memudahkan membedakan antara singular atau plural pada kata jury maka kamu bisa menambahkan members of sehingga collective nouns pasti plural.

The jury [is/are] to convene at 5 o’clock.
(Memerlukan informasi apakah jury singular atau plural?)

The members of the jury are to convene at 5 o’clock.
(Pasti jury plural karena kata members adalah plural)

Daftar Collective Nouns

Satu hal yang menarik dalam collective nouns adalah kata-katanya yang unik dan terkadang bisa terdengar seperti puisi.

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk orang

  • A faculty of academics
  • A troupe of acrobats
  • A cast of actors/players
  • A bench of aldermen
  • A conflagration of arsonists
  • A troupe of artistes
  • A team of athletes
  • A tabernacle of bakers
  • A babble of barbers
  • A promise of barmen
  • A thought of barons
  • A squad of beaters
  • A bevy of beauties
  • A bench of bishops
  • A blush of boys
  • A troop of boy scouts
  • A feast of brewers
  • A pack of Brownies
  • A shuffle of bureaucrats
  • A goring of butchers
  • A sneer of butlers
  • A slate of candidates
  • A chapter of canons
  • A company of capitalists
  • A congregation of churchgoers
  • A school of clerks
  • A cutting of cobblers
  • A hastiness of cooks
  • A shrivel of critics
  • A cowardice of curs
  • A troupe of dancers
  • A decanter of deans
  • A caravan of desert travelers
  • A board of directors
  • An obstruction of dons
  • A staff of employees
  • A panel of experts
  • A stalk of foresters
  • A talent of gamblers
  • A company of girl guides
  • A galaxy of governesses
  • A conjunction of grammarians
  • A herd of harlots
  • A melody of harpists
  • An observance of hermits
  • A gang of hoodlums
  • A cavalcade of horsemen
  • A blast of hunters
  • A bench of judges
  • A neverthriving of jugglers
  • A banner of knights
  • A gang of labourers
  • A bevy of ladiesAn eloquence of lawyers
  • A colony of lepers
  • An audience of listeners
  • An illusion of magicians
  • A bench of magistrates
  • A riches of matrons
  • A morbidity of majors
  • A band of men
  • A faith of merchants
  • A diligence of messengers
  • A troupe of minstrels
  • A side of morris dancers
  • A cortege of mourners
  • An [orchestra/band] of musicians
  • A tribe of natives
  • A superfluity of nuns
  • A crowd of onlookers
  • A curse of painters
  • A malapertness of pedlars
  • A crowd of people
  • A troupe of performers
  • A skirl of pipers
  • A team of players
  • A posse of police
  • A converting of preachers
  • A pity of prisoners
  • A band of robbers
  • A crew of sailors
  • A scolding of seamstresses
  • A house of senators
  • A subtlety of sergeants at law
  • An obeisance of servants
  • A posse of sheriffs
  • A blackening of shoemakers
  • A choir of singers
  • A squad of soldiers
  • A picket of strikers
  • A class of students
  • A simplicity of subalterns
  • A disguising of tailors
  • A glozing of taverners
  • A [den/gang/pack] of thieves
  • A board of trustees
  • A flock of tourists
  • An unction of undertakers
  • A prudence of vicars
  • An ambush of widows
  • A coven of witches
  • A gaggle of women
  • A gang of workmen
  • A congregation of worshippers
  • A worship of writers
  • A fellowship of yeomen

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk benda

  • A bouquet of flowers
  • A bunch of flowers
  • A fleet of ships
  • A forest of trees
  • A galaxy of stars
  • A pack of cards
  • A pack of lies
  • A pair of shoes
  • A range of mountains
  • A wad of notes

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk binatang

  • An army of ants
  • A flock of birds
  • A flock of sheep
  • A herd of deer
  • A hive of bees
  • A litter of puppies
  • A murder of crows
  • A pack of hounds
  • A pack of wolves
  • A school of fish
  • A swarm of locusts
  • A team of horses
  • A troop of lions

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk burung

  • A colony of auks
  • A colony of avocets
  • A flock of birds
  • A sedge of bitterns
  • A chain of bobolinks
  • A bellowing of bullfinches
  • A flock of bustards
  • A wake of buzzards
  • A tok of capercaillies
  • A muse of capons
  • A brood of chickens
  • A chattering of choughs
  • A covert of coots
  • A flight of cormorants
  • A sedge of cranes
  • A murder of crows
  • A head of curlews
  • A trip of dotterels
  • A dole of doves
  • A flush of ducks
  • A flight of dunbirds
  • A fling of dunlins
  • A convocation of eagles
  • A cast of falcons
  • A charm of finches
  • A stand of flamingos
  • A gaggle of geese
  • A charm of goldfinches
  • A dopping of goosanders
  • A flight of goshawks
  • A covey of grouse
  • A bazaar of guillemots
  • A colony of gulls
  • A mews of hawks
  • A brood of hens
  • A sedge of herons
  • A charm of hummingbirds
  • A colony of ibises
  • A band of jays
  • A desert of lapwings
  • A parcel of linnets
  • An exaltation of larks
  • A congregation of magpies
  • A sord of mallards
  • A plump of moorhens
  • A fleet of mudhens
  • A watch of nightingales
  • A pride of ostriches
  • A parliament of owls
  • A fling of oxbirds
  • A company of parrots
  • A covey of partridges
  • A muster of peacocks
  • A pod of pelicans
  • A colony of penguins
  • A cadge of peregrines
  • A nye of pheasants
  • A flight of pigeons
  • A knob of pintails
  • A congregation of plovers
  • A rush of pochards
  • A run of poultry
  • A covey of ptarmigans
  • A bevy of quails
  • An unkindness of ravens
  • A crowd of redwings
  • A parliament of rooks
  • A hill of ruffs
  • A fling of sandpipers
  • A cloud of seafowls
  • A squabble of seagulls
  • A dopping of sheldrakes
  • A walk of snipes
  • A host of sparrows
  • A murmuration of starlings
  • A mustering of storks
  • A flight of swallows
  • A herd of swans
  • A flock of swifts
  • A spring of teals
  • A mutation of thrushes
  • A flock of turkeys
  • A pitying of turtledoves
  • A colony of vultures
  • A plump of waterfowls
  • A company of widgeons
  • A trip of wildfowls
  • A fall of woodcocks
  • A descent of woodpeckers
  • A herd of wrens

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk mamalia

  • A cluster of antelopes
  • A shrewdness of apes
  • A pace of asses
  • A congress of baboons
  • A cete of badgers
  • A cloud of bats
  • A sloth of bears
  • A colony of beavers
  • A herd of bisons
  • A sute of bloodhounds
  • A herd of boars
  • A sounder of wild boars
  • A herd of bucks
  • A gang of buffalos
  • A drove of bullocks
  • A flock of camels
  • A herd of caribous
  • A clowder of cats
  • A destruction of wild cats
  • A herd of cattle
  • A herd of chamois
  • A coalition of cheetahs
  • A colony of chinchillas
  • A rake of colts
  • A bury of conies
  • A flink of cows
  • A pack of coyotes
  • A litter of cubs
  • A cowardice of curs
  • A herd of deers
  • A pack of dogs
  • A pod of dolphins
  • A herd of donkeys
  • A herd of elands
  • A herd of elephants
  • A gang of elks
  • A business of ferrets
  • A skulk of foxes
  • A brace of geldings
  • A horde of gerbils
  • A journey of giraffes
  • A herd of gnus
  • A trip of goats
  • A band of gorillas
  • A leash of greyhounds
  • A group of guinea pigs
  • A horde of hamsters
  • A drove of hares
  • A herd of harts
  • A herd of hartebeests
  • A array of hedgehogs
  • A parcel of hinds
  • A bloat of hippopotami
  • A drift of hogs
  • A stable of horses
  • A pack of hounds
  • A clan of hyenas
  • A herd of ibexes
  • A couple of impalas
  • A husk of jackrabbits
  • A mob of kangaroos
  • A kindle of kittens
  • A fall of lambs
  • A leap of leopards
  • A kindle of leverets
  • A pride of lions
  • A herd of llamas
  • A stud of mares
  • A richness of martens
  • A mischief of mice
  • A labour of moles
  • A band of mongooses
  • A troop of monkeys
  • A herd of moose
  • A barren of mules
  • A family of otters
  • A team of oxen
  • A pomp of pekingese
  • A drove of pigs
  • A doylt of tame pigs
  • A sounder of wild pigs
  • A farrow of piglets
  • An aurora of polar bears
  • A chine of polecats
  • A string of ponies
  • A prickle of porcupines
  • A school of porpoises
  • A coterie of prairie dogs
  • A litter of pups
  • A colony of rabbits
  • A field of racehorses
  • A nursery of raccoons
  • A colony of rats
  • A crash of rhinoceroses
  • A bevy of roe deers
  • A colony of seals
  • A flock of sheep
  • A surfeit of skunks
  • A dray of squirrels
  • A pack of stoats
  • A drove of swine
  • A doylt of tame swine
  • A sounder of wild swine
  • An ambush of tigers
  • A blessing of unicorns
  • A colony of voles
  • A huddle of walruses
  • A mob of wallabyies
  • A sneak of weasels
  • A grind of bottle-nosed whales
  • A school of whales
  • A destruction of wildcats
  • A herd of wildebeests
  • A pack of wolves
  • A mob of wombats
  • A herd of yaks
  • A cohort of zebras

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk ikan

  • A company of angel fish
  • A company of archer fish
  • A battery of barracudas
  • A shoal of barbels
  • A fleet of bass
  • A grind of blackfish
  • A school of butterfly fish
  • A school of cod
  • A swarm of dragonet fish
  • A troop of dogfish
  • A swarm of eels
  • A shoal of fish
  • A glide of flying fish
  • A glint of goldfish
  • A glean of herrings
  • A shoal of mackerels
  • A shoal of minnows
  • A pack of perch
  • A shoal of pilchards
  • A cluster of porcupine fish
  • A party of rainbow fish
  • A shoal of roach
  • A bind of salmons
  • A family of sardines
  • A herd of seahorses
  • A shoal of shads
  • A shiver of sharks
  • A troupe of shrimps
  • A quantity of smelts
  • A shoal of sticklebacks
  • A flotilla of swordfish
  • A hover of trouts
  • A float of tunas
  • A pod of whitings

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk amfibi dan reptil

  • A quiver of cobras
  • A bask of crocodiles
  • A herd of dinosaurs
  • A flight of dragons
  • An army of frogs
  • A mess of iguanas
  1. A rhumba of rattlesnakes
  2. A den of snakes
  3. A knot of toads
  4. A bale of turtles
  5. A nest of vipers

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk moluska

  • A bed of clams
  • A bed of cockles
  • A bed of mussels
  • A bed of oysters
  • An escargatoire of snails

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk serangga dan laba-laba

  • A colony of ants
  • A swarm of bees
  • A bike of wild bees
  • A flight of butterflies
  • An army of caterpillars
  • An intrusion of cockroaches
  • A swarm of flies
  • A cloud of gnats
  • A cloud of grasshoppers
  • A bike of hornets
  • A flight of insects
  • A flock of lice
  • A plague of locusts
  • A scourge of mosquitoes
  • A clutter of spiders
  • A colony of termites
  • A colony of wasps

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk invertebrata

  • A culture of bacteria
  • A stuck of jellyfish
  • A clew of worm

Daftar Collective Nouns untuk yang lain-lain

  • A wing of aircraft
  • A host of angels
  • A quiver of arrows
  • A bundle of asparagus
  • A belt of asteroids
  • A bunch of bananas
  • A grove of bayonets
  • A carillon of bells
  • A library of books
  • A batch of bread
  • A bavin of brushwood
  • A fleet of cars
  • A pack of cards
  • A network of computers
  • A dossier of documents
  • A clutch of eggs
  • A bundle of firewood
  • A bed of flowers
  • A colony of fungi
  • A pantheon of gods
  • A bunch of grapes
  • A battery of guns
  • A budget of inventions
  • A chain of islands
  • A cache of jewels
  • A ring of keys
  • A fleet of lorries
  • A rouleau of coins
  • A collective of nouns
  • A bank of monitors
  • A range of mountains
  • A troop of mushrooms
  • A rope of onions
  • A coterie of orchids
  • A ream of paper
  • A budget of papers
  • A string of pearls
  • A pod of peas
  • A phantasmagoria of phantoms
  • An anthology of poems
  • A rosary of quotations
  • A clump of reeds
  • A rabble of remedies
  • A nest of rumours
  • A fleet of ships
  • A pair of shoes
  • A shrubbery of shrubs
  • A flight of stairs
  • A galaxy of stars
  • An anthology of stories
  • An arcana of tarot cards
  • An agenda of tasks
  • A stand of trees

Pembahasan berikutnya: Singular dan Plural.


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