Direct Object (Objek Langsung)

Direct object adalah nouns (kata benda) yang menerima tindakan dari verb (kata kerja).

Contoh-contoh direct Object

Dibawah ini adalah contoh-contoh dari direct object. Yang diberi bold adalah verb dan yang diberi garis bawah adalah direct object.

  • Adit and Yoga played soccer.
  • Joko read the newspaper.
  • The carpenter fixed the door.
  • The little girl played the piano.
  • The dog ate my homework.
  • I love my friendly neighborhood.
  • Our amazing soccer team won the trophy.
  • Adit accidentally kicked Yoga.
  • After dinner, Sophie always serves a cake.
  • Diah discovered a pile of books hidden under the staircase.

Cara menemukan direct object dalam kalimat

Untuk menemukan direct object dalam sebuah kalimat adalah dengan menemukan verb dan melanjutkan dengan pertanyaan apa atau siapa. Lihat contoh dibawah.

direct object

The boy kicked the ball
(langkah 1: Cari verb = kicked)
(langkah 2: Tanya apa yang di kicked? = the ball)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = the ball)
 Our cat caught a mouse.
(langkah 1: Cari verb = caught)
(langkah 2: Tanya apa yang di caught? = a mouse)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = a mouse)
 The police have arrested the man who committed the robberies.
(langkah 1: Cari verb = have arrested)
(langkah 2: Tanya siapa yang di have arrested? = the man)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = the man)
Aji built a sandcastle on the beach.
(langkah 1: Cari verb = built)
(langkah 2: Tanya apa yang di built? = sandcastle)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = sandcastle)
To explain the broken lamp, we told a lie.
(langkah 1: Cari verb = told)
(langkah 2: Tanya apa yang di told? = lie)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = lie)

Phrases dan clauses bisa menjadi direct object

Selain satu kata, direct object juga bisa berbentuk phrases (frasa/dua kata) dan clauses (klausa/sekelompok kata).

Anggia hates biting her fingernails.
(langkah 1: Cari verb = hates)
(langkah 2: Tanya hates what? = biting her fingernails)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = biting her fingernails)
When questioned by police, Upin admitted he took the bicycle.
(langkah 1: Cari verb = admitted)
(langkah 2: Tanya admitted what? = he took the bicycle)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = he took the bicycle)
On the way to the doctor’s office, the child pretended she was not sick.
(langkah 1: Cari verb = pretended)
(langkah 2: Tanya pretended what? = she was not sick)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = she was not sick)
A government official reported that agency funding would be cut by 25 percent.
(langkah 1: Cari verb = reported)
(langkah 2: Tanya reported what? = that agency funding would be cut by 25 percent)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = that agency funding would be cut by 25 percent)
Although she is tired, Maya says she will plant the garden for you.
(langkah 1: Cari verb = says)
(langkah 2: Tanya says what? = she will plant the garden for you)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = she will plant the garden for you)

Hanya transitive verb yang memiliki direct object

Jika sebuah verb memiliki direct object maka kalimat tersebut dinamakan transitive verb (kata kerja transitif). Sedangkan verb yang tidak dilengkapi dengan direct object disebut intransitive verb (kata kerja intransitif). Bisa dikatakan bahwa direct object adalah pelengkap dari action verb. Lihat contoh dibawah.

The flower bloomed
(langkah 1: Cari verb = bloomed)
(langkah 2: Tanya bloomed what? = Tidak ada. kata bloomed tidak bisa dilanjutkan dengan direct object)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = Tidak ada)
The book fell
(langkah 1: Cari verb = fell)
(langkah 2: Tanya fell what? = Tidak ada. kata fell tidak bisa dilanjutkan dengan direct object)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = Tidak ada)
Wahyu fell very badly
(langkah 1: Cari verb = fell)
(langkah 2: Tanya fell what? = Tidak ada. kata fell tidak bisa dilanjutkan dengan direct object)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = Tidak ada)
Sandra is sleeping at the moment.
(langkah 1: Cari verb = sleeping)
(langkah 2: Tanya sleeping what? = Tidak ada. kata sleeping tidak bisa dilanjutkan dengan direct object)
(direct object dari kalimat diatas = Tidak ada)

Pembahasan selanjutnya: Indirect Object.

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